However it is no longer possible for doctors to differentiate between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes solely on the basis of age. What accustomed to be known as mature-onset diabetes is now Type 2, which is seen more and more in children. Knowing which kind of diabetes is present is necessary for treatment. Researchers at Chonbuk National University Medical School and also various other university medical schools in Korea, have considered the concept of using blood C-peptide levels for deciding which kind of diabetes young sufferers have.
C-peptide is made by the pancreas along with insulin. Since insulin levels go up and down previously and after meals, measuring insulin levels gives only a snapshot of how much is in the body at any given moment. By measuring C-peptide levels we could learn how much the hormone insulin is being made over time …
in Type 1 diabetes the pancreas has difficulty making insulin, so insulin levels and C-peptide levels can be expected to be low.
in the case of early Kind 2 diabetes the pancreatic makes a large amount of insulin to make up for the body’s resistance to it, and we can expect to see high levels of C-peptide too.
The Chonbuk study, reported on in June 2014 in the Record of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism, included 223 youngsters diagnosed with diabetes over a 13 year period …
C-peptide levels and antibodies to the pancreas were measured, as well as indicators of genetic types on leukocyte. In Type 1 diabetes the physical body makes antibodies to the pancreas. Certain genetic types can also indicate a tendency toward this type of diabetic issues.
the kids were dealt with and also noted, so a professional medical diagnosis was performed based upon their response to treatment with either insulin or oral diabetic medications.
It was found the C-peptide levels were considerably reduced in children with Kind 1 diabetes than in those with Type 2. All children detected with C-peptide levels below 0.6 ng/ml were diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes. Of 49 children diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes, 48 had C-peptide levels over 3.0 ng/ml.
From the above results it was concluded C-peptide levels could possibly be useful for differentiating diabetes types in children.
Understanding which type of diabetes to address has noticeable benefits. Children with Type 2 diabetes …
need not have to have injections of insulin when dental medications are available, and also
family members can be reassured that with diet and exercise the condition can be controlled to the point of making drugs unnecessary.
Although managing your disease can be very challenging, Type 2 diabetes is not a condition you must just live with. You can make simple changes to your daily routine and lower both your weight and your blood glucose levels. Hang in there, the longer you do it, the much easier it obtains.